What is Holy Communion, Deacon, Holy Eucharist, Holy Icons, Litany and Divine Liturgy?

http://saintjohnofdamascus.blogspot.com

SAINT JOHN OF DAMASCUS

What is Holy Communion, Deacon,

Holy Eucharist, Holy Icons, Litany and Divine Liturgy?

What is Holy Communion?

Communion – The Orthodox Church sees the Mystery of the Holy Eucharist as a sign of unity, and not a means to it. Therefore, only Orthodox Christians who have properly prepared themselves are invited to receive of Holy Communion in the Orthodox Church.

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What is a Deacon?

Deacon – Third Order of the clergy, and lowest of those in Holy Orders, they assist the Bishop, and therefore, the priest when the Bishop is not present, in their pastoral, charitable, and liturgical responsibilities. The Deacon leads the people in prayer and worship, teaches and preaches the Word of God, cares for their spiritual well being of the Bishop’s flock, assists the Bishop and the priests in whatever way he can. He acts as a bridge between the Church and the world, heaven and earth.

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What is Holy Eucharist?

Eucharist – Greek for ‘Thanksgiving,’ since the earliest days of the Church, the word has come to stand for the Body and Blood of Christ in the Mystery of Holy Communion, made mystically present for us. See Lev 7:15; Amos 4:5; Ps 116:17; Mal1:10 for prophecies of the Eucharist as a sacrifice of thanksgiving.

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What are the Holy Icons?

Holy Icons – Icons form the “family portraits” of the house of God. The icons of Christ show that the Invisible God became visible flesh for our salvation, and thereby sanctified material creation. Not ‘holy pictures’, icons are images of the life transfigured in Christ, and therefore of the transfigured person. Just as most devout Christians have images of Jesus in their homes, so, too, do Orthodox Christians, but also in our Churches. These images of Christ cannot be personally interpreted by the artist any more than one could rewrite the Bible according to personal taste, but must conform to the strict likeness of the original, the same as a Biblical translation should.

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What is a Litany?

Litany – A series of prayers, led by the Deacon, or in his absence, a Bishop, to which the people and the choir respond “Lord have mercy.”

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What is Divine Liturgy?

Divine Liturgy – Liturgy means “The work of the people.” The principle worship service of the Orthodox Church, celebrating the Incarnation, Resurrection, Ascension, Enthronement and Second Coming of Jesus Christ. It is the standard Resurrection service of the Orthodox Church around the world.
The Divine Liturgy is divided into 3 distinct parts:

-Liturgy of Preparation (proskomedia) – This is the first one-third of the liturgy, where the bread and wine offered by the people are prepared for the Eucharistic service by the celebrant, and his deacon. It represents in a small way the Old Testament, in that is a preparation of the world for the coming of Christ.

-Liturgy of the Word – Containing the Great Litany, Antiphons, and the Epistle and Gospel lesson, this ends with the Bishop proclaiming and expounding upon the teachings of Christ, prayers for the departed, and catechumens. It presents the era of the New Testament, and the hearing of the Gospel of our Lord.

-Liturgy of the Faithful – This is the Eucharistic liturgy, containing the Anaphora, the Words of Institution and Epiclesis, the Lord’s Prayer, Communion, Thanksgiving and the Dismissal. This offers us a foretaste of the Second Coming of Christ, and the eternal union of Christ with His people.

Source:

http://www.roseburgorthodoxchurch.org

http://www.roseburgorthodoxchurch.org/glossary-of-orthodox-terms.html

HOLY CROSS ORTHODOX CHURCH

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What is Divine Liturgy, Panagia, Pectoral Cross, Priest, Holy Relics, Sign of the Cross and Theotokos?

http://easternorthodoxchurch.blogspot.com

EASTERN ORTHODOX CHURCH

What is Divine Liturgy, Panagia, Pectoral Cross,

Priest, Holy Relics, Sign of the Cross and Theotokos?

What is Divine Liturgy?

Divine Liturgy – Liturgy means “The work of the people.” The principle worship service of the Orthodox Church, celebrating the Incarnation, Resurrection, Ascension, Enthronement and Second Coming of Jesus Christ. It is the standard Resurrection service of the Orthodox Church around the world.
The Divine Liturgy is divided into 3 distinct parts:

-Liturgy of Preparation (proskomedia) – This is the first one-third of the liturgy, where the bread and wine offered by the people are prepared for the Eucharistic service by the celebrant, and his deacon. It represents in a small way the Old Testament, in that is a preparation of the world for the coming of Christ.

-Liturgy of the Word – Containing the Great Litany, Antiphons, and the Epistle and Gospel lesson, this ends with the Bishop proclaiming and expounding upon the teachings of Christ, prayers for the departed, and catechumens. It presents the era of the New Testament, and the hearing of the Gospel of our Lord.

-Liturgy of the Faithful – This is the Eucharistic liturgy, containing the Anaphora, the Words of Institution and Epiclesis, the Lord’s Prayer, Communion, Thanksgiving and the Dismissal. This offers us a foretaste of the Second Coming of Christ, and the eternal union of Christ with His people.

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What does Panagia mean?

Panagia – The Icon of the Incarnation – Christ and the Virgin Mary -worn by a Bishop in place of a Pectoral Cross, representing his faith in the Incarnation of Christ, which he must proclaim and defend, hence the reason he wears its image. Panagia means “All-holy.”

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What is the Pectoral Cross?

Pectoral Cross – Worn by Priests, it symbolizes the reality that the priest is the representative of Christ Crucified to the people and to the world, and as Christ’s ambassador, he is to bring them the Gospel of the Kingdom.

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What is a Priest?

Priest – The Second of the Major Holy Orders, priests/presbyters are the representative of the Bishop in the Parish. He receives, through Ordination, the power consecrate the Holy Eucharist, to preach and explain the teachings of the Holy Gospel, Baptize, Chrismate, celebrate Weddings, to give Holy Unction to the sick, to hear confessions and grant absolution in the name of the Lord.

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What are Holy Relics?

Holy Relics – Holy Relics are portions of the bone or vesture of a saint. Following the example of the early Church (Acts 19:11), and the power revealed through holy relics in the Old Testament (2 Kgs 13:21), the Church always places the relics of martyrs in the Altar, and often in the antimension, typifying Rev. 6:9.

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What is the Sign of the Cross?

Sign of the Cross – made by the earliest Christians, and today by their inheritors Orthodox Christians (also by Roman Catholics, Anglicans, and even Protestant reformers such as Martin Luther), the sign of the Cross is the enduring symbol of faith in Christ our Savior, and the blessing of the Christian. It is made, consecrating the mind (touch the forehead), heart (breast), soul (right shoulder) and strength (left shoulder) to God, the Holy Trinity. It is an ancient and profound confession of faith in Christ, going back at least until the second century, as recorded by Tertullian and other Church fathers.

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What does Theotokos mean?

Theotokos – Greek for “Birth-giver of God,” or “Bearer of God.” A title of theological and historical significance, the Orthodox Church refers to the Blessed Virgin Mary, as Theotokos, thus safeguarding the truth of the doctrine of the Incarnation. There are many holy Marys who were virgins, but there is only one Theotokos.

Source:

http://www.roseburgorthodoxchurch.org

http://www.roseburgorthodoxchurch.org/glossary-of-orthodox-terms.html

HOLY CROSS ORTHODOX CHURCH

Qui est le célébrant, pendant la Divine Liturgie? – Le prêtre seul ou toute la communauté dans son ensemble? – Père Stéphane Anagnostopoulos ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* French

http://divine-liturgie-orthodoxe.blogspot.com

DIVINE LITURGIE ORTHODOXE

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Qui est le célébrant, pendant la Divine Liturgie?

Le prêtre seul ou toute la communauté dans son ensemble?

Père Stéphane Anagnostopoulos

Qui est le célébrant, pendant la Divine Liturgie? Le prêtre seul ou toute la communauté dans son ensemble?

Toute la communauté: le peuple de Dieu et le prêtre.

L’Église constitue le Corps mystique de Jésus-Christ dont nous tous, le clergé et le peuple, nous sommes les membres. L’Église en tant que Corps du Christ prie pour le monde entier. Elle s’intéresse au salut de tous. Cependant, elle célèbre la Divine Liturgie seulement avec les fidèles chrétiens orthodoxes, c’est-à-dire avec ceux qui ont reçu le saint Baptême et le saint Chrême. Eux seuls, constituent les membres de l’Une Église, Sainte, Catholique et Apostolique. Eux, ils sont le peuple de Dieu. La Divine Liturgie est le culte public de tous les fidèles. Elle est offerte à Dieu de la part du peuple de Dieu et du prêtre célébrant. Son don divin et son fruit salutaire, c’est-à-dire le sacrifice rédempteur, sont offerts à nous tous, qui constituons le peuple de Dieu.

Source:

Père Stéphane Anagnostopoulos

Vivre la Divine Liturgie

Expériences Liturgiques

Le Pirée 2011

 

Hvad er forskellen på at “bede til” og at “tilbede”? ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Danish

http://prayerofyourheart.wordpress.com

PRAYER OF YOUR HEART

Hvad er forskellen på at “bede til” og at “tilbede”?

Bøn er at glæde sig og sige tak, fordi Gud har skabt den fantastiske natur, som omgiver os. Bøn er at knæle ned og bare være stille ved tanken om, at Gud den Almægtige elsker hver enkelt af os personligt og er parat til at dø for os. Denne form for bøn kan beskrives med ét ord: tilbedelse. Ortodokse Kristen tilbeder kun Gud og ingen anden. Ortodokse Kristen tilbeder ikke Jomfru Maria og de andre helgener. Men Ortodokse Kristen beder til helgenerne. Det er jo helt naturligt at bede sine venner og søskende om hjælp, og Guds store familie omfatter også de afdøde. Vi kan stadig tale med dem. Eftersom de er sammen med Gud, er det en god ide også at bede de afdøde om hjælp – især dem som allerede på jorden havde et helt særligt venskab med Gud. Derfor beder Ortodokse Kristen til helgenerne.

For mange mennesker er “bøn” ensbetydende med at bede om noget, som regel om hjælp. Selv mennesker, der aldrig beder til daglig, kan finde på at bede til Gud, hvis de bliver syge eller befinder sig i livsfare. Men bøn er meget andet og meget mere end bøn om hjælp.

Gud er vores Far, og ligesom man ikke kun taler med sine forældre, når man har brug for et eller andet, så beder man som troende heller ikke kun til Gud, når man har problemer. Bøn er først og fremmest samtale med Gud, samvær med Gud. Bøn er at bede Gud om råd og vejledning. Bøn er at lytte til Gud og selv tie stille. Bøn er at sige tak til Gud: tak for livet, som vi har fået af Ham, og tak for alt det gode vi hver eneste dag modtager fra Ham. Bøn er at bryde ud i sang og jubel, fordi Gud har skabt den fantastiske natur, som omgiver os. Bøn er at knæle ned og bare være stille ved tanken om, at Gud den Almægtige elsker hver enkelt af os personligt og er parat til at dø for os. Alle disse former for bøn kan beskrives med ét ord: tilbedelse. Ortodokse Kristen tilbeder kun Gud og ingen anden. Ortodokse Kristen tilbeder ikke Jomfru Maria og de andre helgener.

Når man taler om at “bede til”, tænker man altså umiddelbart på at bede til Gud. Men der findes også en anden betydning af ordene. Det er jo helt normalt at bede hinanden om hjælp i alle mulige dagligdags situationer – man kan bede om hjælp til sine lektier eller til at lappe en cykel. Blandt kristen har det også altid været helt normalt, at man bad hinanden om forbøn.

Hvis ens mor eller søster f.eks. bliver alvorligt syg, så beder man til Gud om, at de må blive raske. Men hvorfor skulle man bede alene? Hvorfor skulle man ikke bede sine venner om at være med på forbønnen? Gud er vores Far, og vores forhold til Ham er derfor dybt personligt. Men Han er ikke kun min Far. Han er alles Far. Alle mennesker, som tror på Ham, er derfor søstre og brødre. Det er ligeså naturligt at bede andre mennesker om forbøn, som det er at bede sine biologiske søskende om hjælp.

Den store familie af Guds børn omfatter også de afdøde. Efter døden går man ind til evigt liv og fællesskab. Vi kan ikke længere se de afdøde, men forbindelsen til dem er bestemt ikke afskåret. Vi kan stadig tale med dem. Eftersom de er sammen med Gud er det en god ide også at bede de afdøde om hjælp – især dem som allerede på jorden havde et helt særligt venskab med Gud. Disse mennesker kaldes helgener. Helgenerne er altså mennesker, som man både kan forsøge at efterligne for at få et godt liv, og som man kan bede til for at få hjælp i konkrete situationer. I sidste instans er det altid Gud som hjælper, og det er kun Ham vi tilbeder. Men forbønnen er et udtryk for, at vi tilhører et fællesskab, én kæmpestor familie.